Health and social care

Health and social care

BTEC Health and Social Care allows students to learn about how we grow and develop throughout our lives; students will gain an understanding of how the Health and Social Care sector works and the core values that underpin it. They will also investigate what ‘being healthy’ means to different people and how to improve someone’s health and wellbeing.

Students complete a piece of coursework in which they explain how individuals grow and develop through the life stages, factors and life events that influence development and how people cope with the changes caused by life events. A second piece of coursework allows students to investigate and explain the range of health and social care services that individuals use and the barriers they may experience in accessing these services, as well as investigating and demonstrating the care values that underpin current practice in health and social care.

Students will also have to use a case study to assess an individual’s health and well-being and create a suitable improvement plan to help them become healthier.

Students build a bank of theoretical knowledge about a variety of Health and Social Care settings and practices, developing transferable skills in collaborative practice and communication, which are core skills needed to work in these settings.

Curriculum information

Year 9

Learning outcomes

  • Understand and describe human growth and development across life stages.
  • Understand and describe factors that affect human growth and development.
  • Understand and describe how individuals deal with life events.

Topics taught

  • Life stages: Infancy, Early Childhood, Adolescence, Early Adulthood, Middle Adulthood, Later Adulthood.
  • Physical development across the life stages, including puberty, menopause and signs of ageing.
  • Intellectual development across the life stages, including language development, problem solving and memory.
  • Emotional development across the life stages including attachment and the development of self-concept.
  • Social development across the life stages including socialisation and the formation of relationships.
  • Factors that affect growth and development including physical factors such as illness and disease, social and cultural factors, including educational experiences and the influence of relationships and economic factors, including income and material possessions.
  • Expected and unexpected life events that influence development including physical events, relationship changes and changes to life circumstances.
  • Coping with change caused by life events, including types and sources of support.

Year 10

Learning outcomes
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of factors that affect health and wellbeing.
  • Be able to interpret health indicators.
  • Be able to create a health and wellbeing improvement plan.
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of how to overcome obstacles relating to health and wellbeing improvement plans.
  • Pupils will draw on knowledge from across the course to complete the external exam worth 40% of their final grade.
Topics taught
  • Physical factors affecting health and well-being including ill health, diet, exercise, substance misuse and personal hygiene.
  • Social, cultural and emotional factors influencing health and well-being including interactions, stress and willingness to seek help.
  • Economic factors affecting health and well-being including financial resources.
  • Environmental factors affecting health and well-being including pollution and housing.
  • Physiological indicators of health (pulse rate, peak flow, blood pressure and body mass index) including interpreting data and the significance of abnormal readings.
  • Interpreting lifestyle indicators of health including the significance of abnormal readings and national guidelines.
  • Health and well-being plans, including short- and long-term targets and sources of support.
  • Obstacles to achieving health improvement plans, including emotional, time-constraints, availability of resources, lack of support and individual needs.

Year 11

Learning outcomes
  • Understand the different types of health and social care services.
  • Understand barriers to accessing health and social care services.
  • Demonstrate care values and review own practice.
Topics taught
  • Health care services including primary, secondary and allied health care.
  • Social care services including services for children and young people, services for older adults and services for individuals with specific needs.
  • Barriers to accessing services, including physical, sensory, social, cultural, psychological, language, geographical, intellectual, resource and financial barriers.
  • Overcoming barriers to accessing services.
  • Care values including dignity, respect, confidentiality, communication, safe-guarding and duty of care, anti-discriminatory practice and empowerment and independence.
Link to exam specification