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Biology

Biology

Year 7 

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Explore the differences between animal cells and plant cells.
  • Learn how to use a light microscope.
  • Describe the structural adaptations of some unicellular organisms.

ASSESSMENT

Prepare and view specimen slides and make observations of different cells.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to reinforce/extend understanding of plant and animal cells.

Term 1.2
  • Know the hierarchical organisation of multicellular organisms.
  • Explore the structure and function of the human skeleton.
  • Investigate the interactions between skeletons and muscles.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to reinforce the understanding of interactions between the skeleton and muscles.

Term 2.1
  • Explore the reproductive system of plants, including the structure of a flower.
  • Investigate pollination and dispersal mechanisms used by plants.
  • Describe the structure of the male and female reproductive systems.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 2.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to extend understanding of the reproductive systems.

Term 2.2
  • Understand the role of the menstrual cycle, gametes and fertilisation in the process of reproduction.
  • Explore gestation and birth, including how maternal lifestyle affects the foetus.
  • Research how recreational drugs affects behaviour, health and life processes.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 2 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to consolidate understanding of the menstrual cycle, gestation and birth.

Term 3.1
  • Discuss the content of a healthy human diet.
  • Calculate the energy requirements of a healthy daily diet.
  • Research the consequences of imbalances in the diet, including obesity, starvation and deficiency diseases.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 3.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to extend understanding of a healthy diet.

Term 3.2
  • Explore the tissues and organs of the human digestive system.
  • Understand the importance of bacteria in the human digestive system.
  • Investigate how plants make carbohydrates by photosynthesis.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 3 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to extend understanding of diet and nutrition.

Year 8 

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Discover the structure and function of the gas exchange system in humans.
  • Investigate the mechanism of breathing, using models and simple measurements, and how exercise affects this.
  • Research the impact of asthma and smoking on the human gas exchange system.

ASSESSMENT

Presentation on the impact of asthma and smoking on effective gas exchange.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to reinforce/extend understanding of gas exchange systems.

Term 1.2
  • Understand the importance of respiration in the breakdown of organic molecules and why it is necessary for life.
  • Compare aerobic and anaerobic respiration, including reactants, products formed and the implications for the organisms.
  • Describe the process of anaerobic respiration in microorganisms, including fermentation.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to extend understanding of respiration.

Term 2.1
  • Describe the process of photosynthesis, including a word summary of the reaction.
  • Understand the dependence of almost all life on Earth on the ability of photosynthetic organisms to build organic matter and maintain gas concentrations in our atmosphere.
  • Explore how leaves are adapted for efficient photosynthesis.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 2.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to reinforce/extend understanding of photosynthesis.

Term 2.2
  • Explore the interdependence of organisms in an ecosystem, including food webs and insect pollinated crops.
  • Research the importance of plant reproduction through insect pollination in human food security.
  • Explain how organisms affect, and are affected by, their environment, including the accumulation of toxic materials.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 2 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to reinforce/extend understanding of ecosystems and food webs.

Term 3.1
  • Understand heredity as the process by which genetic information is transmitted from one generation to the next.
  • Create a simple model of chromosomes, genes and DNA and understand the role of Watson, Crick and Franklin in the discovery of the structure of DNA.
  • Explore differences between species and individuals of the same species, and how this affects their ability to be effective competitors.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 3.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to reinforce/extend understanding of heredity and DNA.

Term 3.2
  • Investigate the variation, both continuous and discontinuous, between individuals within a species, including measurements and graphical analysis.
  • Explore how changes in the environment may leave individuals or groups of individuals less well adapted to compete successfully and reproduce, thus leading to extinction.
  • Understand the importance of maintaining diversity and the use of gene backs to preserve hereditary material.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 3 content.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to reinforce/extend understanding of competition and extinction.

Year 9 

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Compare the structure of animal, plant and bacterial cells.
  • Relate structure to function in specialised cells and understand how cells specialise.
  • Explain what a stem cell is and why and how they can be used to treat some diseases.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test using AQA exam style questions on content covered in Half Term 1.1.

HOMEWORK

Consolidation work on organ systems and specialised cells.

Term 1.2
  • Explore light microscopy in the lab and research how electron microscopy has increased our understanding of cell structure and function.
  • Calculate magnifications of a light microscope and specimens as viewed under an electron microscope.
  • Describe mitotic cell division and the cell cycle.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test using AQA exam style questions on content covered in Term 1.

HOMEWORK

Drawing and analysing graphs, to improve scientific skills.

Term 2.1
  • Explore transport in cells to include diffusion and osmosis
  • Compare surface area to volume ratio of different organisms.
  • Explain how the small intestine and the lungs in mammals, and roots and leaves in plants, are adapted for exchange of substances.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test using AQA exam style questions on content covered in Term 1 and Half Term 2.1.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to consolidate work on respiration.

Term 2.2
  • Understand the organisational hierarchy of multicellular organisms.
  • Describe the functions of the components of the digestive systems.
  • Describe how enzymes catalyse reactions and the factors that affect enzyme action

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test using AQA exam style questions on content covered in Term 1 & 2.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to consolidate work cell transport.

Term 3.1
  • Investigate how enzymes are affected by pH and temperature.
  • Describe the structure of the respiratory system and link to gas exchange.
  • Describe the circulatory system and the structure of the heart.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test using AQA exam style questions on content covered in term 1 & 2 and half term 3.1.

HOMEWORK

Consolidation work on the respiratory system.

Term 3.2
  • Compare the blood vessels and link structure to function.
  • Explain the role of the components of blood.
  • Research causes and effects of coronary heart disease.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test using AQA exam style questions on content covered in Term 1, 2 & 3.

HOMEWORK

Exam style question to consolidate work on the blood.

Year 10 

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Describe classification systems, evolutionary relationships and the importance of the binomial system for naming species.
  • Construct pyramids of numbers and biomass and explain how energy is lost between trophic levels in a food chain.
  • Explain how carbon is recycled in nature, including photosynthesis, respiration, combustion, feeding and decomposition. Explain how nitrogen is recycled in nature and the role of bacteria in the cycle.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Food webs homework

Term 1.2
  • Describe how there is interdependence between organisms, to include predator prey relationships, parasitism and mutualism.
  • Explain how animals and plants are anatomically and behaviourally adapted to surviving in both hot and cold environments.
  • Coursework - Plan and carry out an investigation in reaction times and how they change.

ASSESSMENT

Reaction time coursework.

HOMEWORK

Parasite research homework

Term 2.1
  • Describe the mechanism of evolution by natural selection and why Darwin's theory is now widely accepted.
  • Explain the causes and consequences of:
    global warming, ozone depletion and acid rain.
  • Describe how pollution can be measured by direct measurement of pollutant levels and the occurrence of indicator species.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1 & Term 2.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Interpreting graphs homework

Term 2.2
  • Evaluate sustainable development and conservation programmes in the protection of endangered habitats and species.
  • Examine the structure of DNA and its role in the production of proteins, the building blocks of life.
  • Understand the causes and consequences of DNA mutations.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1 & Term 2 content.

HOMEWORK

Fish farming homework

Term 3.1
  • Describe the role of proteins in living organisms.
  • Investigate the role of enzymes and how they are influenced by temperature and pH.
  • Compare aerobic and anaerobic respiration, including the calculation of respiratory quotients.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1, Term 2 and Term 3.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Enzyme homework

Term 3.2
  • Explain the advantages of being multicellular and the necessity for specialised organ systems.
  • Explore the similarities and differences between mitosis and meiosis.
  • Describe the structure of the heart and the blood vessels and explain how they are adapted to their role.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess the whole years content.

HOMEWORK

Blood gases homework

Year 10 (additional)

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Examine the structure of DNA and its role of DNA in the production of proteins.
  • Compare the structure and function of different proteins and understand the impact of DNA mutations on protein function.
  • Investigate the action of enzymes and the factors that affect the rate of enzymes controlled reactions.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Food webs homework

Term 1.2
  • Describe the differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration, to include calculations of respiratory quotients.
  • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of being multicellular and compare mitosis and meiosis.
  • Describe how components of the circulatory system are adapted to their functions, to include blood, blood vessels and the heart.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1 content.

HOMEWORK

Parasite research homework

Term 2.1
  • Compare types of cells, including stem cells, and evaluate the different measurements of measuring growth.
  • Understand the principles of selective breeding, genetic engineering and consider the limits and ethical concerns of each technique.
  • Describe cloning techniques in plants and animals, including advantages, disadvantages and ethical concerns.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess Term 1 and Term 2.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Interpreting graphs homework

Term 2.2
  • Model methods of sampling and mapping animals and plants and compare biodiversity in natural and artificial ecosystems.
  • Explain the processes involved in photosynthesis, factors that affect its rate and how it is necessary for life.
  • Explore how leaves are adapted for efficient photosynthesis.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess term 1 content and term 2.

HOMEWORK

Fish farming homework

Term 3.1
  • Explain the process of diffusion and investigate the factors that influence their rate.
  • Understand the process of osmosis and how living organisms are affected by it.
  • Explore how materials enter a plant and are transported around the plant.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess term 1, term 2 and term 3.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Enzymes homework

Term 3.2
  • Investigate factors that affect the rate of decay and how the application of these can be used in food preservation.
  • Evaluate organic and intensive farming methods and how they impact productivity and the environment.
  • Carry out the research section of the Biology coursework.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style questions to assess the whole years content.

HOMEWORK

Blood gases homework

Year 11 (additional)

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Compare aerobic and anaerobic respiration, including calculations of respiratory quotient.
  • Explain the advantages of being multicellular and how mitosis and meiosis are involved in their growth and development.
  • Describe how components of the circulatory system are adapted to their functions, to include blood, blood vessels and the heart.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess Term 1.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 1.2
  • Coursework - Research how rennet is used in cheesemaking.
  • Coursework - Plan an investigation into how temperature affects the clotting of milk for the Biology coursework.
  • Coursework - Analyse and evaluate results from the investigation for the Biology coursework.

ASSESSMENT

Cheesemaking coursework.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 2.1
  • Identify differences between bacterial, plant, animals and stem cells and evaluate the different methods of measuring growth.
  • Understand the principles of selective breeding, genetic engineering and gene therapy, including advantages and disadvantages of each technique.
  • Describe cloning techniques in plants and animals, including advantages, disadvantages and ethical issues.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess Term 1 and Term 2.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 2.2
  • Describe methods of sampling and mapping animals and plants and compare biodiversity in natural and artificial ecosystems.
  • Explain the processes involved in photosynthesis and how leaves are adapted for efficient photosynthesis.
  • Explain the processes of osmosis and diffusion and describe the factors that influence their rate.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess Term 1 and Term 2 content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 3.1
  • Explore how materials enter a plant and are transported around the plant.
  • Investigate factors that affect the rate of decay and how the application of these can be used in food preservation.
  • Evaluate organic and intensive farming methods and how they impact productivity and the environment.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess Term, Term 2 and Term 3.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 3.2
  • Create flask cards and mind maps to revise key concepts covered this year in preparation for external GCSE exams.
  • Interpret data to prepare for the data and analysis questions in the external exams.
  • Use past papers and mark schemes develop and extend understanding in preparation for the external exams

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess the whole years content content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

 

Year 11 (further additional)

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Investigate the use of enzymes in cheese making to complete the Biology coursework.
  • Explain the structure and function of skeletal systems.
  • Describe and compare different circulatory systems, exploring the human circulatory system in more detail

ASSESSMENT

Cheesemaking coursework.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 1.2
  • Explore how circulatory and respiratory systems can go wrong, how we can detect these faults and how they are treated.
  • Understand how parts of the digestive system are adapted to their roles in digesting and absorbing foods.
  • Explain the role of the kidneys, skin and lungs in waste disposal.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess term 1 content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 2.1
  • Explain the role of hormones in the menstrual cycle and evaluate their role in fertility treatments and contraceptives.
  • Research the growth pattern of humans and the consequences of longer life expectancy.
  • Compare the structure, growth and reproduction of bacteria, yeast and viruses, and how each might be dangerous to humans.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess term 1 and term 2.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper

Term 2.2
  • Investigate how microbes are useful, including fermentation, distillation and yoghurt making.
  • Evaluate the use of microbes to produce biofuels as an alternative energy sources.
  • Understand the importance of microbes and detritovores in the creation of fertile soil.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess term 1 and term 2 content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 3.1
  • Explore the variety of life forms found in aquatic ecosystems and how humans can extensive damage to the aquatic life.
  • Discuss the commercial importance of enzymes and how they can be used to save time and money.
  • Explain how gene technology works and how it can be used in genetic engineering and DNA fingerprinting.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess term 1, term 2 and term 3.1 content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper.

Term 3.2
  • Create flash cards and mind maps to revise key concepts covered this year in preparation for external GCSE exams.
  • Interpret data to prepare for the data and analysis questions in the external exams.
  • Use past papers and mark schemes develop and extend understanding in preparation for the external exams.

ASSESSMENT

Controlled assessment using exam style question to assess the whole years content.

HOMEWORK

Data and analysis exam style questions from a past exam paper