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Chemistry

Chemistry

Year 7 

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Develop scientific skills to use throughout science, such as designing experiments and developing graph and table drawing skills.
  • Describe how materials are made up of particles and use this to explain why different materials have different properties. Describe the properties of a substance in three states and use ideas of particles to explain the properties of a substance in its three states.
  • Use the particle model to explain changes of state involving liquids and solids. Apply your knowledge to interpret data about melting points.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test.

HOMEWORK

Create a poster to summarise everything learnt during this half term.

Term 1.2
  • Use the particle model to explain boiling and apply this knowledge to interpret data about changes of state.
  • Describe changes of state involving gases and use the particle model to explain evaporation, condensation and sublimation.
  • Use the particle model to explain diffusion and describe evidence for this process. Use the particle model to explain gas pressure and describe factors that affect gas pressure.

ASSESSMENT

Badger task.

HOMEWORK

Draw a graph or chart to represent the given data. Decide which type of chart is best, and explain why.

Term 2.1
  • Understand what an element is and recall the chemical symbols of at least six elements.
  • Understand what atoms are and compare the properties of one atom of an element to the properties of many atoms.
  • Understand what a compound is and explain why a compound has different properties to the elements in it. Be able to write the chemical names and formulae for some simple compounds.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test covering everything they have learned from the beginning of the year.

HOMEWORK

Write the text for the revision pages about elements, atoms, compounds, and chemical formulae.

Term 2.2
  • Describe what happens to atoms in chemical reactions. Explain why chemical reactions are useful and compare chemical reactions to physical changes.
  • Identify reactants and products in word equations and be able to write word equations to represent chemical reactions.
  • Predict products of combustion reactions and be able to categorise oxidation reactions as useful or not.

ASSESSMENT

Badger task.

HOMEWORK

Complete a research piece on global warming and the effects the human population is having on our atmosphere.

Term 3.1
  • Identify decomposition reactions from word equations and use a pattern to predict products of decomposition reactions.
  • Explain conservation of mass in chemical reactions and calculate the masses of reactants and products.
  • Describe the characteristics of exothermic and endothermic changes and be able to apply this knowledge to classify given reactions as exothermic or endothermic.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test covering everything learned since the beginning of the year.

HOMEWORK

Plan what to say to convince listeners at a radio station that chemical reactions are very important, and that chemistry must not be banned.

Term 3.2
  • Compare the properties of acids and alkalis. Describe the differences between concentrated and dilute solutions of acid.
  • Use the pH scale to measure acidity and alkalinity and describe how indicators categorise solutions as acidic, alkaline or neutral. Describe how pH changes in neutralisation reactions and state examples of useful neutralisation reactions.
  • Describe what is made in a neutralisation reaction. Be able to write word equations.

ASSESSMENT

Badger task.

HOMEWORK

Prepare a piece of writing that explains how neutralisation reactions are useful.

Year 8 

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Understanding what an atom is and that everything around us is made up of atoms.
    Describe what makes up an atom.
  • Describe what an element is and give examples of different elements.
    Recognise patterns and characteristics of different elements.
  • Describe what a compound is and recognise patterns and characteristics of different types of compounds.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test containing exam style questions.

HOMEWORK

Skills based homework looking at drawing graphs.

Term 1.2
  • Describe what a mixture is and what techniques can be used to separate them out.
    recall the processes of filtration, evaporation and chromatography.
  • Recall the properties of metals and give examples for their uses.
  • Recall the properties of non-metals and some of the exceptions which do not have the same traits.

ASSESSMENT

Badger task to assess progress.

HOMEWORK

Exam based questions.

Term 2.1
  • Compare the reactions of different metals with dilute acids and explain the test for hydrogen gas.
  • Compare the reactions of different metals and oxygen and use state symbols in balanced formula equations.
  • Compare the reactions of metals with water and use the reactivity series to predict reactions. Predict pairs of substances that will react in displacement reactions.

ASSESSMENT

Badger task to assess progress.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to help practise exam technique.

Term 2.2
  • Use the reactivity series to decide which metals can be extracted from their ores by heating with carbon. Calculate the amount of metals in ores.
  • Describe ceramic properties and explain why the properties of ceramics make them suitable for their uses. Describe polymers properties and explain why the properties of polymers make them suitable for their uses.
  • Describe composite properties and explain why composite properties make them suitable for their uses.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test containing exam style questions.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to help practise exam technique.

Term 3.1
  • Compare the layers of the Earth and describe the composition of the atmosphere.
  • Explain two properties of sedimentary rocks and explain how they are made. Compare the ways metamorphic and igneous rocks form and explain how they are formed.
  • Use the rock cycle to explain how the material in rocks is recycled.

ASSESSMENT

Badger task to assess progress.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to help practise exam technique.

Term 3.2
  • Explain why the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere did not change for many years. Use the carbon cycle to identify stores of carbon.
  • Explain why global warming is happening and explain some of its impacts.
  • Explain how aluminium is recycled and analyse the advantages and disadvantages of this.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test containing exam style questions.

HOMEWORK

Exam style questions to help practise exam technique.

Year 9 

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Know how to interpret the periodic table.
  • Explain and draw the structure of the first 20 elements in the periodic table in terms of electrons, protons and neutrons. Apply this knowledge to identify isotopes.
  • Understand the properties of Group 1, Group 7, Group 0 and the transition metals and how they react.

ASSESSMENT

Atomic structure and periodic table end of topic test.

HOMEWORK

Research the 'history of the atom'. Discuss how the atom has been developed over the years by different scientists.

Term 1.2
  • Understand what Ionic bonding is and how to represent it in a diagrammatic form using your knowledge of atomic structure from Term 1.1. Suggest why ionic compounds have the properties they do based on their structure.
  • Understand what covalent bonding is and how to represent it in a diagrammatic form using your knowledge of atomic structure from Term 1.1. Suggest why covalent compounds have the properties they do based on their structure.
  • Understand what metallic bonding is and how to represent it in a diagrammatic form using your knowledge of atomic structure from Term 1.1. Suggest why metallic compounds have the properties they do based on their structure.

ASSESSMENT

Exam style questions based on the different styles of bonding.

HOMEWORK

Extended answer question on bonding, structure and properties.

Term 2.1
  • Identify the different allotropes of carbon and discuss their structures.
  • Explain the links between their structures and the properties they have. Then be able to link this to their uses.
  • Understand the bulk and surface properties of matter including nanoparticles.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test on everything covered so far. Atomic structure, periodic table, bonding and allotropes of carbon.

HOMEWORK

Research piece on nanochemistry.

Term 2.2
  • Understand the reactivity of different metals and represent this with word and symbol equations.
  • Understand the reactions of different acids and represent this with word and balanced symbol equations.
  • Understand the process of electrolysis and identify products made and their uses on given examples.

ASSESSMENT

Extended long answer questions on reactions of metals and acids.

HOMEWORK

How to make a fertiliser.

Term 3.1
  • Identify the composition of the Earth's atmosphere and how it has evolved over the years since the Earth was formed.
  • Understand the involvement of carbon dioxide and methane in the greenhouse effect.
  • Identify the common atmospheric pollutants and their sources. Explain their impacts on the atmosphere.

ASSESSMENT

End of topic test.

HOMEWORK

Research piece on global warming and its impact on the Earth.

Term 3.2
  • Identify the four ways to alter the rate of a reaction to help inform the planning for your extended project.
  • Collect data and interpret it to find patterns and trends.
  • Evaluate results obtained from the practicals conducted to make a conclusion.

ASSESSMENT

Completion of extended project.

HOMEWORK

Research task linked to extended project.

Year 10 

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Explain why cooking is a chemical change and what changes you would observe during cooking. Recall the main types of food additive and describe their functions.
  • Recall examples of natural and synthetic cosmetics. Describe how an ester is made and what properties a perfume needs. Explain evaporation in terms of kinetic particle theory.
  • Recall and explain the functions and main ingredients in paint. Describe the properties and uses of thermochromic and phosphorescent pigments.

ASSESSMENT

Assessment covering 'cooking, smells and paints' topics comprising of questions from past exam papers.

HOMEWORK

Research task looking at the different food additives in 'energy drinks'. 
Research task looking at different 'smart paints' and their functions in the real world.

Term 1.2
  • Describe the structure of alkanes and alkenes, recognising them from their molecular or displayed formula.
  • Describe the relationship between a monomer and a polymer, describing how polymerisation works. Construct displayed formulae of monomers and polymers.
  • Use information to describe the uses of polymers and 'designer polymers'. Explain how the properties of plastics are determined by their structures. Explain some of the methods used for disposing of polymers and the problems associated with this.

ASSESSMENT

Assessment in class covering 'polymers and designer polymers' topics comprised of exam past paper questions.

HOMEWORK

Research task covering 'How polymers are disposed of and what new polymers scientists are creating to aid with this'.

Term 2.1
  • Explain what fossil fuels are and describe how crude oil can be separated into fractions. Explain how oil is obtained and some of the environmental issues related to this. Describe how large hydrocarbons can be converted into smaller ones.
  • Describe what happens when a hydrocarbon fuel burns and how the products of combustion can be identified. Explain the advantages of complete combustion and what factors need to be considered when choosing.
  • Describe what changes have occurred to the Earths atmosphere in the last 200 million years, explaining how today's atmosphere was created. Describe the origin and effects of some atmospheric pollutants.

ASSESSMENT

C1 overall assessment covering 'cooking, smells and paints', 'Polymers and Designer Polymers' and 'Crude Oil and Clean Air' topics. Assessment comprises of past exam paper questions.

HOMEWORK

Interpreting data/ graphs for climate change and carbon dioxide concentration changes over time.

Term 2.2
  • Describe the structure of the Earth and the theory of plate tectonics including how it was developed.
  • Explain the use of limestone in construction and the environmental, social and economic effects of mining limestone. Describe how cement and concrete are made and the advantages and disadvantages of reinforced concrete.
  • Describe how sodium chloride is mined and what products we gain from the electrolysis of brine. Explain the electrolysis of brine in terms of loss or gain of electrons.

ASSESSMENT

Assessment covering 'Earth, construction materials and chemicals from the sea' comprising of past exam paper questions.

HOMEWORK

Research methods of mining for salt including advantages and disadvantages of each method. 
Research: Case study on a new quarry in an area, what affects has it had environmentally, socially and economically?

Term 3.1
  • Explain how metal carbonates may be decomposed by heating. Describe how concrete and cement are made and the advantages of reinforced concrete.
  • Describe how copper can be extracted and purified. Recognise common alloys and their uses.
  • Explain why aluminium does not corrode and describe differences between iron and aluminium. list the major materials used in cars and the advantages and disadvantages of building cars from steel or aluminium.

ASSESSMENT

Assessment covering 'concrete', 'alloys corrosion' and 'making cars'.

Assesment comprising of past exam questions on the topics above studied this half term.

HOMEWORK

Research task based on the materials used in cars and the ability to recycle some of these materials.

Term 3.2
  • Describe how ammonia is made in the Haber process and the factors affecting the cost of a new chemical substance.
    Explain why the conditions in the Haber process are used.
  • Explain the use of the pH scale and that the pH of an acid is determined by its H+ ion concentration. Write word equations for neutralisation reactions.
  • Recall the three essential elements needed for plant growth. Explain how fertilisers increase crop yield. Identify the apparatus needed to make fertiliser in the lab.

ASSESSMENT

C2 overall assessment covering all topics within C2 at the end of this half term.

HOMEWORK

Identifying optimum operating conditions from a variety of chemical reactions within industry from graphs and tabulated data.

Year 10 (additional)

Term Topics taught and learning outcomes
Term 1.1
  • Recall what is made when an acid and base react together in a neutralization reaction. Create word and balanced symbol equations to represent these reactions.
  • Recall how to make a fertilizer and explain what happens when fertilizers leach into surrounding ponds.
  • Describe the conditions needed for the Haber process and explain why the conditions chosen are used.

ASSESSMENT

Class test on these topics comprised of past exam questions from the last six years.

HOMEWORK

Complete exam based questions.

Term 1.2
  • Describe what is meant by rate of reaction and interpret graphs and data to determine the rate and duration of reactions.
  • Explain the effect of different parameters on the rate of reaction in terms of the particle collision theory.
  • Calculate the relative formula mass of given substances and determine reacting masses.

ASSESSMENT

Class test on these topics comprised of past exam questions from the last six years.

HOMEWORK

Complete exam based questions.

Term 2.1
  • Describe and explain the properties of different allotropes of carbon and use this knowledge to predict the properties of other substances. Identify the key differences between batch and continuous processes and evaluate potential difficulties in developing a new pharmaceutical drug.
  • Explain what is meant by percentage yield and atom economy and suggest why these must be considered in industrial processes.
  • Recognise exothermic and endothermic reactions and explain energy changes in terms of making and breaking bonds.

ASSESSMENT

Class test on these topics comprised of past exam questions from the last six years.

HOMEWORK

Complete exam based questions.

Term 2.2
  • Describe the structure of the atom and its different sub-atomic components.
    Explain the structure of the periodic table and apply this knowledge to determine the electronic structure of a given element.
  • Describe how covalent bonds form, including the use of dot and cross diagrams, and recognise the properties of such compounds. Explain why and how certain elements form ions and construct dot and cross diagrams for given ionic compounds.
  • Describe the reactivity of Group 1 elements and explain trends down the group.

ASSESSMENT

Class test on these topics comprised of past exam questions from the last six years.

HOMEWORK

Complete exam based questions.

Term 3.1
  • Identify different Group 7 elements, describe their reactions and properties and predict the products of displacement reactions.
  • Describe the thermal decomposition of transition metal carbonates and explain how metal ions can be identified in solution.
  • Describe sources, uses and treatment of water in the UK and explain the tests for sulfate and halide ions.

ASSESSMENT

Class test on these topics comprised of past exam questions from the last six years.

HOMEWORK

Complete exam based questions.

Term 3.2
  • Identify topics that should be focused on to improve understanding.
  • Consolidate learning and practice exam questions related to Year 10 topics.
  • Improve technique for Year 10 Science exams.

ASSESSMENT

Year 10 GCSE science exams.

HOMEWORK

Complete past exam paper from previous year.