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Physical education - A level / BTEC

Year 12 & 13 A level PE

Learning outcomes

In their first year of study students will develop theoretical knowledge of physiological factors and psychological factors which affect sports performance. In their second year of students, in addition to physiological and psychological factors, students will also study key socio-cultural factors that influence people's involvement in physical activity and sport. Throughout both years, students are expected to refine their ability to perform effectively in physical activity by independently developing skills, techniques and tactics within their selected sport. They will be assessed observing and analysing a performer in their chosen sport. Students will complete a weekly performance log to evidence their commitment to performance development.

Topics taught

YEAR 12

Physiological Factors:

  • Skeletal and muscular systems
  • Cardiovascular and respiratory systems
  • Diet and nutrition
  • Preparation and training methods
  • Biomechanical principles: Newton’s laws of motion, force and use of technology
  • Biomechanical principles: Stability and lever systems

Psychological Factors:

  • Classification of skills
  • Types and methods of practice
  • Transfer of skill
  • Learning theories
  • Stage of learning, guidance and feedback
  • Individual differences
  • Group and team dynamics and goal setting in sport

Socio-cultural Factors:

  • Emergence and evolution of modern sport
  • Sport in the twenty-first century
  • Global sporting events

YEAR 13

Physiological Factors:

  • Energy for exercise
  • Recovery, altitude and heat
  • Injury prevention and rehabilitation
  • Linear motion
  • Angular motion
  • Fluid mechanics and projectile motion

Psychological Factors:

  • Memory models
  • Attribution in sport
  • Confidence and self-efficacy in sports performance
  • Leadership in sport
  • Stress management to optimise performance

Socio-cultural Factors:

  • Ethics and deviance in sport
  • Commercialisation and media
  • Routes to sporting excellence in the UK
  • Modern technology in sport

Year 12 & 13 - BTEC Sport

Learning outcomes

Whilst studying the Level 3 BTEC Sport students will develop theoretical knowledge within four units of study: Anatomy and Physiology, Fitness Training and Programming for Health and Sport and Well-being Professional Development in the Sports Industry. Within Anatomy and Physiology students will develop knowledge relating to the skeletal, muscular and energy systems. Students will be assessed in this unit through an external exam. Within Fitness Training and Programming for Health, Sport and Well-being students will explore the process required for screening clients and assessing their lifestyle and nutritional intake. As well as how to interpret data and suggest modifications to help improve the individual's fitness, health and overall well-being. Fitness training methods will also be examined for each component of physical and skill-related fitness. In this unit, you will draw on your learning from across the BTEC programme to complete an external assessment task set by the exam board. The final unit of study is Professional Development in the Sports Industry. In this unit you will research the different possible careers and the associated job roles in the sports industry, then action plan your development towards achieving a selected career aim. This unit will be internally assessed through the use of assignments set by your class teacher.

Topics taught

YEAR 12

UNIT 1: Anatomy and physiology

Structures, functions, responses, adaptations and additional factors applying to the following body systems:

  • The skeletal system
  • The muscular system
  • The respiratory system
  • The cardiovascular system
  • Energy systems

UNIT 2: Fitness Training and Programming for Health and Sport and Well-being

  • Positive lifestyle factors and their effects on health and well-being
  • Negative lifestyle factors and their effects on health and well-being
  • Lifestyle modification techniques
  • Screening Processes
  • Health monitoring tests
  • Interpreting the results of health monitoring tests
  • Common terminology
  • Components of a balanced diet
  • Nutritional strategies for individuals taking part in training programmes
  • Components of fitness to be trained (Physical and skill)
  • Training methods for physical fitness-related components and skill fitness-related components
  • Principles of fitness training programme design

YEAR 13

UNIT 3: Professional Development in the Sports Industry

  • Scope and provision of the sports industry
  • Careers and jobs in the sports industry
  • Professional training routes, legislation, skills in the sports industry
  • Sources of continuing professional development (CPD)
  • Personal skills audit for potential careers
  • Planning personal development towards a career in the sports industry
  • Maintaining a personal portfolio/record of achievement and experience
  • Job applications
  • Interviews and selected career pathway-specific skills
  • Review and evaluation
  • Updated SWOT and action plan

Plus one other optional unit of study to be confirmed in Year 13.